Leukaemia

Leukemia

General Information About Adult Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

KEY POINTS

  • Adult acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is a type of cancer in which the bone marrow makes too many lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell).
  • Leukemia may affect red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.
  • Previous chemotherapy and exposure to radiation may increase the risk of developing ALL.
  • Signs and symptoms of adult ALL include fever, feeling tired, and easy bruising or bleeding.
  • Tests that examine the blood and bone marrow are used to diagnose adult ALL.
  • Certain factors affect prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options.

Read the full article on the National Cancer Institute website.

General Information About Adult Acute Myeloid Leukemia

KEY POINTS

  • Adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a type of cancer in which the bone marrow makes abnormal myeloblasts (a type of white blood cell), red blood cells, or platelets.
  • Leukemia may affect red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.
  • There are different subtypes of AML.
  • Smoking, previous chemotherapy treatment, and exposure to radiation may affect the risk of adult AML.
  • Signs and symptoms of adult AML include fever, feeling tired, and easy bruising or bleeding.
  • Tests that examine the blood and bone marrow are used to diagnose adult AML.
  • Certain factors affect prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options.

Read the full article on the National Cancer Institute website.

General Information About Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

KEY POINTS

  • Chronic lymphocytic leukemia is a type of cancer in which the bone marrow makes too many lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell).
  • Leukemia may affect red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.
  • Signs and symptoms of chronic lymphocytic leukemia include swollen lymph nodes and tiredness.
  • Tests that examine the blood are used to diagnose chronic lymphocytic leukemia.
  • Certain factors affect treatment options and prognosis (chance of recovery).

Read the full article on the National Cancer Institute website.

General Information About Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia

KEY POINTS

  • Chronic myelogenous leukemia is a disease in which the bone marrow makes too many white blood cells.
  • Leukemia may affect red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.
  • Signs and symptoms of chronic myelogenous leukemia include weight loss and tiredness.
  • Most people with CML have a gene mutation (change) called the Philadelphia chromosome.
  • Tests that examine the blood and bone marrow are used to diagnose chronic myelogenous leukemia.
  • Certain factors affect prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options.

Read the full article on the National Cancer Institute website.

General Information About Hairy Cell Leukemia

KEY POINTS

  • Hairy cell leukemia is a type of cancer in which the bone marrow makes too many lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell).
  • Leukemia may affect red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets.
  • Gender and age may affect the risk of hairy cell leukemia.
  • Signs and symptoms of hairy cell leukemia include infections, tiredness, and pain below the ribs.
  • Tests that examine the blood and bone marrow are used to detect (find) and diagnose hairy cell leukemia.
  • Certain factors affect treatment options and prognosis (chance of recovery).

Read the full article on the National Cancer Institute website.


Latest Treatments Update

Vitamin D
This study says Vitamin D and its analogs have inhibitory effects on cancer stem cell signaling in various types of human cancer cells and may be promising therapeutic/preventive agents against Cancer Stem Cells.

This study says vitamin D is a well known inducer of the terminal differentiation of human myeloid leukemia cells…
Sunlight spurs the body to make vitamin D.
Food sources:
Fish such as salmon, tuna, and mackerel. Small amounts of vitamin D are found in beef liver, cheese, and egg yolks.

Chinese Skullcap Scutellaria baicalensis
This study concluded that that Chinese Skullcap inhibits the proliferation of lymphocytic leukemia cell lines by induction of apoptosis.

Melbourne drug a blood cancer game changer

A breakthrough drug with its origins in Melbourne is driving a major shift in the treatment of a range of blood cancers, with two new clinical trials of chemotherapy-free combinations demonstrating dramatic benefits for patients with hard-to-treat diseases.

Venetoclax is a targeted drug in tablet form that was developed based on scientific discoveries made at the Walter and Eliza Hall Institute of Medical Research, and Melbourne researchers from the Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre (Peter Mac) and The Royal Melbourne Hospital (RMH) continue to lead many of the ongoing clinical trials.

Results of two new venetoclax trials – the MURANO Study involving patients with Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemia (CLL) and AIM Study in Mantle-Cell Lymphoma (MCL) – were recently published in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Both trials involved patients whose blood cancer had relapsed or was resistant to conventional treatment, used venetoclax in combination with another targeted drug, and these treatment combinations resulted in high rates of patients with no detectable cancer.

“That venetoclax is able to produce such dramatic results in this hard-to-treat patient group is remarkable, and has led to much excitement among blood cancer clinicians globally and the research community particularly in Melbourne where this drug was pioneered,” says Professor John Seymour, Director of Haematology at Peter Mac and RMH.

“The data shows venetoclax should replace chemotherapy altogether in patients with advanced forms of CLL – a practice-changing result which will rapidly translate into the standard of care globally.”

Read full article

Raw Beef Liver
According to renowned US doctor Jonathan Wright, Raw beef liver builds up immune system in minutes, which is important for those with leukaemia.

Please share this page to help others