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RadioFrequency Ablation for liver, lung, or kidney cancer

Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) uses heat to destroy cancer cells. It is a type of treatment called thermal ablation. It is used to try to cure a cancer, reduce its size or relieve pain. It can be given alone, or with surgery, chemotherapy or radiotherapy. RFA is mainly used to treat liver, lung or kidney cancer. It may sometimes be used to treat other cancer types. Depending on your situation, you will have the treatment under local or general anaesthetic. The doctor uses an ultrasound or CT scan to guide the procedure.

A probe called an electrode applies an electrical current (radiofrequency) to a tumour. The current heats the cancer cells to a high temperature, which destroys (ablates) them.
Source: Macmillan cancer support

Scientific evidence for Radiofrequency ablation

This study says:
RF ablation is a safe and effective treatment with a survival benefit for selected patients with primary and secondary lung tumors. Tumor status (solitary or multiple) and presence of extra-pulmonary metastasis at the initial RF ablation were significant prognostic factors for recurrence-free survival.

This study says:
Lung – To date, hundreds of patients have been treated with lung RFA...The usually mild complication of pneumothorax is common, with a reported rate of 15–20%. In addition, Rose et al. documented microemboli in the carotid artery during lung RFA… However, there is growing data that lung RFA is as safe and effective as in other organs, especially when performed remote from the main pulmonary veins.

Main image: https://www.scientificanimations.com/, CC BY-SA 4.0 https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Page updated 2024


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